The new relationship between the EU and the UK will start if an agreement has been reached that has been approved by EU member states, the European Parliament and the UK Parliament. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text.  On the same day, Johnson threw a big wrench into the work by trying to override parts of the Brexit withdrawal agreement previously agreed with his own Single Market Act, which „will remove the legal force of parts of the withdrawal agreement.“ Following an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MPs decided that the UK government had ignored Parliament by refusing to give Parliament all the legal advice it had received on the impact of its proposed withdrawal conditions.  The key point of the Recommendation concerned the legal effect of the „backstop“ agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the UK with regard to the EU-UK customs border and its impact on the Good Friday Agreement that had led to an end to the unrest in Northern Ireland – and in particular whether the UK would be safe, to be able to leave the EU in a practical sense, according to the proposed plans. Following the announcement, there has been speculation about the EU`s willingness to give the UK more time in October, leading to major disagreements. The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the European Union (Articles 40 and 41). The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the financial terms of Brexit. The UK Parliament decides that a further extension of the Brexit date is necessary as it wants to review the relevant legislation before voting on the Withdrawal Agreement. The British government then called on the EU to postpone the Brexit date to 31 January 2020. The transition period shall end as set out in the Withdrawal Agreement. On January 23, 2020, the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act received Royal Assent.
This is the legislation that will implement the withdrawal agreement negotiated between the UK and the EU. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight CET (23:00 GMT). A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU rules and laws will continue to apply in the UK. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes. This will give everyone more time to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. If no consensus can be reached, the question of what a reasonable period of time is will be referred to the panel. Each transposition period may be extended by mutual agreement (Article 176(5)). The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the „Irish backstop“, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period.
This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union), and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. .